- EFOMP Policy Statement No. 4
- EFOMP Policy Statement No. 3
- 1.The harmonisation of the architecture of the European Higher Education System, arising from the “Bologna Declaration” [
- 2.The recently issued European directive: “Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on the recognition of professional qualifications” []. This Directive establishes rules according to which “a Member State which makes access to or pursuit of a regulated profession in its territory contingent upon possession of specific professional qualifications shall recognise professional qualifications obtained in one or more other Member States and which allow the holder of the said qualifications to pursue the same profession there, for access to and pursuit of that profession”.
The present status of education and training in Europe
The new European perspectives
The higher education area by 2010: the Bologna Declaration
- 1.Adoption of a system of easily readable and comparable degrees (implementation of the Diploma Supplement)
- 2.Adoption of a system essentially based on two main cycles, undergraduate and graduate
- 3.Establishment of a system of credits, such as in the ECTS1system.European Credit Transfer System is a student-centred system based on the student workload required to achieve the objectives of a programme of study. These objectives should preferably be specified in terms of learning outcomes and competencies to be acquired. ECTS is based on the principle that 60 credits measure the workload of a full-time student during one academic year. ECTS makes study programmes easy to read and compare. It can be used for all types of programmes, whatever their mode of delivery, and for lifelong learning purposes.1European Credit Transfer System is a student-centred system based on the student workload required to achieve the objectives of a programme of study. These objectives should preferably be specified in terms of learning outcomes and competencies to be acquired. ECTS is based on the principle that 60 credits measure the workload of a full-time student during one academic year. ECTS makes study programmes easy to read and compare. It can be used for all types of programmes, whatever their mode of delivery, and for lifelong learning purposes.
- 4.Promotion of mobility
- 5.Promotion of European co-operation in quality assurance
- 6.Promotion of the necessary European dimensions in higher education
- –The first step should correspond to the initial university cycle; the degree in physics or other scientific areas will be more transparent and equivalent throughout Europe as of 2010. (Lasting 3 years minimum or 4 years, so 180–240 ECTS.)
- –The second step should correspond to a second university cycle leading to a master's degree. (1 or 2 years and up to 300 ECTS.)
- –The third step is in-service training in hospitals. This in-service training period should consist of at least two years, under the supervision of an experienced Medical Physicist.
Recognition of professional qualification: directive 2005/36/EC
- (a)‘regulated profession’: a professional activity or group of professional activities, access to which, the pursuit of which, or one of the modes of pursuit of which is subject, directly or indirectly, by virtue of legislative, regulatory or administrative provisions to the possession of specific professional qualifications; in particular, the use of a professional title limited by legislative, regulatory or administrative provisions to holders of a given professional qualification shall constitute a mode of pursuit.
EFOMP recommendations in view to these new European challenges
- 1.EFOMP strongly encourage NMOs to strive to make a university Master Degree in Medical Physics available at their universities. This master should include the theoretical curriculum contents recommended by EFOMP in their Policy Statements [1,7,
Radiation protection of the patient in Europe: the training of the medical physicist as a qualified expert in radiophysics.9] and in other documents that EFOMP has produced in collaboration with other relevant societies [17,18].
- EFOMP Policy Statement No. 3
- 2.From EFOMP's point of view, holding a university Master Degree in Medical Physics, is not a sufficient qualification to work as a Medical Physicist in a hospital environment. To manage patients without supervision, EFOMP recommends a second part in the post-graduate training: at least 2 years' training experience on-the-job. Only after completion of this training can a physicist be considered a Medical Physicist and able to work independently as a Qualified Medical Physicist (QMP) [
- 3.EFOMP recognises and values the important role that NMOs have played until now in setting up and managing the education and training programmes for Medical Physicists in most countries. In the future, EFOMP recommends that the NMOs efforts be aimed at involving Health Authorities in the education and training programmes in order to obtain official recognition as a health profession. EFOMP considers it an essential requirement that the Ministry of Health or National Health Authorities be involved in the recognition/accreditation of the post-graduate training (mainly the second part: “on-the-job training”).
- 4.EFOMP strongly encourages NMOs to set up a formal CPD programme for Medical Physicists, credit point based, according to EFOMP recommendations. Medical Physicists enrolled in a CPD programme can become Specialist Medical Physicists (SMP) [
- 5.The official registers of professionals managed by the authorities are usually very static and renewal mechanisms are usually not planned. EFOMP therefore recommends that NMOs start their own register of professionals, managed by their own registration board, and including some CPD-based renewal mechanism.
- Medical physics education and training: the present European level and recommendations for its future development.(Available from:)
- Recommended guidelines of national registration schemes for medical physicists.Physica Medica. 1995; XI: 157-159
- Continuing professional development for the medical physicist.Physica Medica. 1998; XIV: 81-83
- Recommended guidelines on national schemes for continuing professional development of medical physicists.Physica Medica. 2001; XVII: 97-101
- Criteria for the number of physicists in a medical physics department.(Available from:)
- Departments of medical physics – advantages, organisation and management.(Available from:)
- Radiation protection of the patient in Europe: the training of the medical physicist as a qualified expert in radiophysics.(Available from:)
- Directive 84/466/Euratom of 3 September 1984 on the basic measures for the radiation protection of persons undergoing medical examination or treatment.Official Journal of the European Communities. 5 October 1984; (No. L 265): 1
- Radiation protection of the patient in europe: the training of the medical physics expert in radiation physics or radiation technology.Physica Medica. 1999; XV: 149-153
- Directive 97/43/Euratom of 30 June 1997 on health protection of individuals against the dangers of ionising radiation in relation to medical exposure.Official Journal of the European Communities. 9 July 1977; (No. L 190): 22
- (Available from:)
- Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on the recognition of professional qualifications.Official Journal of the European Communities. 30 September 2005; (No. L 255): 22
- The present status of medical physics education and training in Europe: an EFOMP survey.Physica Medica. 2008; 24: 3-20
- Actual situation of implementation of EC-Directive 97/43/Euratom [MED] in Europe.Physica Medica. 2000; XVI: 165-167
- Implementation of the EC-Directives 97/43/Euratom [MED] and 96/29/Euratom [BSS] in Europe.Physica Medica. 2002; XVIII: 149-152
- Directive 96/29/Euratom of 13 May 1996 laying down basic safety standards for the health protection of the general public and workers against the dangers of ionising radiation.Official Journal of the European Communities. 29 June 1996; (No. L 159): 1
- Guidelines for education and training of medical physicists in radiotherapy. Recommendations from an ESTRO/EFOMP working group.Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2004; 70: 125-135
- Guidelines on education and training in radiation protection for medical exposures.Directorate General Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection, Luxembourg2000
☆A Policy Statement issued jointly by the Education, Training and Professional Committee and the Standing Committee on Registration. Approved by EFOMP Officers in 2007 and by postal ballot in 2008. This manuscript is not subjected to peer review, being a Policy Statement of EFOMP.