Development of a 3D Printed Dynamic Phantom for Assessing Image Lag in Fluoroscopy

      Evaluating the visibility of stationary and moving objects is a requirement in Flat Panel Detector (FPD) systems, especially with fluoroscopy. One undesired phenomenon with dynamic fluoroscopic images is the potential artifact caused by image lag in the detector. Image lag is a delay known to degrade image quality. Therefore, it is an important factor in dynamic fluoroscopy. However, it is not routinely checked. Commercial phantoms by NEMA and LEEDS offer the use of rotatable objects to assess lag. Although these phantoms are designed for Image Intensifier (II) systems instead of FPD systems.
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